Scientology 1.0.0 (1952) continued – part 3.
“Space, the final frontier…” These are the immortal opening words of a very popular television series. Of course, they are referring to outer space but as any fan will tell you all the best action takes place in that other space, a subjective space, the space created by the characters.
In this part I’d like to talk a bit about the important, vital, role space plays in Scientology 1.0.0.
Actually it begins with dianetics (1950)*. Dianetic theory is basically this: that a person may be having trouble in the present because of some part of them being stuck in the past, some past trauma or incident of loss, of pain or unconsciousness. These past moments can result in a person experiencing mis-emotion (emotions that don’t fit the circumstance or the environment) and/or psychosomatic ills (sickness and disease with no readily apparent external cause or pathogen).
By helping a patient to re-experience these past moments of trauma and by coaxing them to describe the incident or incidents (there is often more than one) as accurately as they can (according to their own reality) and in the correct sequence you could relieve an individual of its influence which in turn, as you get them to contact and relate more of these events, raises an individual up something called the tone scale †.
Ah, the infamous Tone Scale! One of the several things in scientology that can, and has, been easily weaponised at times either accidentally or on purpose‡.
I alluded to it previously referring to it as a scale going from level 1 to level 4. More accurately the scale goes a little bit more like this, with each level having basically two parts: level 1 goes from apathy to grief; level 2 goes from fear to anger; level 3 goes from boredom to conservatism and level 4 goes from cheerfulness to enthusiasm. It is numerically graded: 0 to 1.0 to 2.0 to 3.0 to 4.0. That’s the dianetic emotional scale, the scientology one goes higher (and lower).
It’s laid out like this:
0.0 is death, the organism is dead, ‘nuff said.
0.2 is apathy. This is when life and a person are becoming too separated, what these days is referred to as depression.
0.5 is grief, this is the sadness usually experienced as the result of losses
1.0 is fear. This is what people call “flight mode”.
1.1 is covert hostility. This is the level of hostility or anger that is hidden, a sort of cloaking emotion so your enemies don’t see you coming. Today it’s loosely referred to as “passive-aggressive” but “passive-aggressive” is usually easily detected; if you can see it then it’s not truly covert, the 1.1 tone is invisible.
1.5 is anger. Today this is called “fight mode”.
2.0 is antagonism. This is the first stage of hostility you might call “threat mode”. It’s the growl before the bite, the puffing up preceding attack which posturing, if done well, makes it unnecessary to go to messy fight mode.
2.5 is boredom. This is the emotion of non-interest, a more pleasant cousin of apathy. This is where you’re not invested in conflict but you’re not invested in creative emotions either. It’s the level of “ho-hum” or “meh”.
3.0 is referred to as conservatism. Not the political version, here it means “to limit change” (actually, that’s what the political version used to mean). As the universe is nothing but change this can be a problem but it’s a useful emotion because it’s the emotion that’s interested, invested, in keeping order.
3.5 is strong interest or cheerfulness. Creativity is becoming a factor. This is where life is getting interesting, where you are becoming invested, involved and immersed. Life is beginning to look sort of bright.
4.0 is eagerness or exhilaration. A feeling of creativity is the main factor. This is where you are truly invested and interested. It is sort of a protocreative, highly enjoyable version of attack; you’re throwing yourself into life now because life isn’t something separate from you at this level because life is you §.
The scientology tone scale is a bit different, it has greater nuance, more levels up and down, but this dianetic version works perfectly well for my tale of space.
So what could be an analogy? Some people have referred to emotions as sort of like frequencies such as you’d get through a radio transmitter. This is true but only sort of. The difference is this: whereas if you dial into 89.6 fm you won’t hear or receive fm 104.6 or am 600, wherever you put the dial that’s the only frequency you’ll hear to the exclusion of others. On the tone scale each tone enfolds the tones below it. If you’re at 1.0 you can pick up and receive 0.2 through 1.0 and a little bit more, up to about 1.5, but you’ll probably misidentify everything above you. At 2.5, say, you’ll be aware of everything from 0.2 to 2.5, not that you’ll be much interested, but with a slight ability to communicate somewhat with 3.0. 4.0, on the other hand, is fully and completely in communication with the whole scale while beginning to suspect that the scale goes even higher.
Okay. So. What’s this got to do with space?
In dianetic therapy you helped guide a patient “back” into various past moments of upset or trauma or whatever and this gradually allowed the patient by gradients to unlock themselves from this “past” and eventually experience the “present”**, a present possibly completely devoid of upsets and trauma and therefore potentially quite pleasant, maybe even exhilarating. This, in a nutshell, is the whole point of dianetics, to help an individual up this scale to live permanently at 4.0. which is called Clear††. This process could take time, however, possibly a lot of time.
With WWIII looming, as it definitely was in the early 1950s, my father began thinking about what could speed up the process by which a person could be helped to become unstuck – from 3.0, conservatism, down to just above 0.0 (3.5 is fairly fluid, not sticky, so the therapy would go pretty quickly at that level anyway). “Clearing” people, that is, getting a person to the state of Clear, is the whole point of both dianetics and scientology because people living life from, or at, the top end of the emotional tone scale won’t support governments lower on the scale. If enough of the members of a group (electorate) are at 4.0 they won’t support, or tolerate, governorship that is lower than 3.5‡‡. Imagine having a government that was at 3.5? My dad’s dream in 1950 was for Man to get involved in exploring Outer-Space rather than building rockets to deliver atomic bombs to Russia. What we have now is a government somewhere between 1.1 and 2.0 per this scale, a pretty miserable state of affairs which is why so many people are upset about it; WWIII could yet still happen.
So, space. Here’s that scale again only now it’s a scale of the perception of space.
0.0 is no space, ‘nuff said.
0.2 all barriers. It would feel like being jammed stuck in a dark coal bin, claustrophobia.
0.5 space feels like a dark closet, filled with wet musty clothing.
1.0 would feel like no space behind you and too much space in front of you.
1.1 similar to 1.5 only now all space, whatever space you think you own is actually, really, all yours (all ego) and all these “others” in it are only barriers, opponents, objects, to be eliminated as completely as possible. A 1.1 doesn’t feel “comfortable” about space until all that space looks like Arlington Cemetery.
1.5 would look like whatever limited space you “have” (ego) is constantly being pushed in and down on you. Too many barriers, too many obstacle, too many opponents, they must be hit back and pushed outwards, if others have too much space then there’s less for you. All the time, you “got to have and/or control space”.
2.0 You’ve got a little space now but here it would look like all the things within “your” limited space, within all those barriers, too many barriers, feel like they might be or be becoming either obstacles or opponents (like when you’re late and driving through traffic, growl, growl).
(0.2 to 2.0 is the “zero-sum” band of the scale while the following is plus-sum.)
2.5 space feels like it’s there, you’ve got some, like the size of a studio apartment, you’re ok with whatever barriers and that’s good and it’s nice, sort of but there isn’t anything particularly interesting in it or about it, maybe a picture of an apple on the wall or a slightly dusty aspidistra on the windowsill (faint noise of a sun-lazy fly).
3.0 is when you feel that the space you have is adequate, like the size of a two story home with a driveway plus your street, and if you manage it well, if you’re very careful, very, very careful, it won’t shrink, change or go away.
3.5 now there seems to be quite a lot of space and it seems you can really move around in it quite freely, even move the barriers around somewhat, and most of those barriers and things in there seem to have a rightness and correctness. It’s a truly interesting place. Space, what you can see, feel or even, possibly create, is beginning to seem potentially limitless and you’d like to share it with everyone.
4.0 now a window into limitless space! This is when you fully get the experience of possibly creating space to whatever size and dimension you desire. You could be as small as a proton or as big as a universe, it’s limitless space, it could all be yours and anyone and everyone else could have it too (no ego). Oh, and here’s the kicker: with Space comes Time. At 4.0 you can have time be as short or as long as you like. Stuck on a 13 hour trans-Pacific flight next to a snorer? Zip! Dinner with good friends? Sloooow!§§
In Douglas Adam’s Hitchhiker’s Guide series there’s a device called the Total Perspective Vortex (haha! this is great). The victim is placed inside the thing which then goes to work impinging upon them the vast limitlessness of Creation and comparing you to it by showing you as a microscopic dot upon a microscopic dot that bears the legend, “you are here” (genius!) proving that you are so small, so infinitely inconsequential that it renders you irretrievably insane, then you die. (Many of us have a similar devices within our own homes or even in our pockets called Mass Media/Groupthink Portals, or MMGTPs, otherwise known as CNN, MSNBC, Fox News et al).
That right there is a perfectly accurate description of what happens when you, as the viewpoint, have no space either subjective (yours) or objective (its).
On the other hand, how do you feel when you’re up? Like when you’re eager or exhilarated? You might feel like Maria in the opening sequence of The Sound of Music. it’s a really wonderful opening sequence and expresses exhilaration beautifully (it’s on Youtube). Anyway, I bet you feel a lot like Maria, she’s having a great day.
What this is really all about is optimum space and barriers: things can have as little space as you’d like (kissing, etc.) or as much as you like (road trip!).
This might be pretty obvious stuff, I know. A lot of people reading this will know all about this phenomena but these little articles are for those who are curious about scientology and don’t know about it.
As I mentioned before, this business about space is one of the several key points in Scientology 1.0.0 but for casual observers it may not be obvious why this is so and is thought to be so important. If you don’t do this already, try this next time when you’re feeling a bit low: go where the horizon is far (roof top, hill top, beach) and feel (or fill) all the distance between you and there, pretend like it actually belongs to you, make all that space your own. Maybe that’ll make you feel a bit better for awhile. Another trick is taking a walk and making a specific point of ignoring as much as you can all those upsetting thoughts and instead spotting, looking at, different objects at different distances from you, do this until you feel calm and relaxed. A much more advanced trick is to sit quietly, close your eyes and imagine (create) eight points around yourself like the corners of a box with you in the centre, then slowly, carefully push those points out as far as you can get them until you are feeling better or at least a bit more relaxed. This last, like any form of meditation, can be quite difficult for some people which is why there are custom designed therapies and exercises in Scientology 1.0.0 to help people get so good at meditation that it becomes your whole day, regardless of what you’re doing, rather than for 10 minutes here or an hour or so there. In Scientology 1.0.0 it’s considered that the creation and management of space is vital to well being. Ultimately the Clear is potentially able to decide to be in whatever tone/space at will and to change tone/space at will. This means you could be feeling cheerful and all smiley at a funeral but that would be stupid.
By the way, there’s that other trick everyone knows where you take several deep breaths or concentrate on breathing. Besides oxygenating the brain these are mainly time-based exercises. You might do these before you try space-based ones if circumstances call for it.
So there’s the connection between space and well-being. Not just objective space but the space you can create for yourself, subjective space. When you’re tired or sick or upset there seems to be too little of it. When you’re feeling great you might feel like you’re as big as the world.
Playing around with viewpoints of subjective and objective space is called spacation in Scientology 1.0.0 and all sorts of exercises were designed around this activity, as I mentioned. That was way back in 1952, mind you, when what I’ve described was a discussion almost impossible to have in the West. Over the years since then though, thousands of people began discussing this stuff and it’s been slowly becoming part of the culture. Today it may seem like an “everybody knows” sort of thing but the truth is if this business about space was really understood in our society then there might be far less confusion.
So, to sum up. You are a viewpoint viewing dimension points (0s looking at 1s). You (0) looking at dimension points either as created by you (imagine a dot or whatever, a duck maybe, on the floor or a spot in the air and look at it) or objectively, any object or dimension around you (such as actual points or ducks) that you can perceive. The distances between the viewpoint and the subjective dimension points must be able to be shortened or lengthened and moved around at will for there to be well being.
There is a lot more to know about these scales, especially the tone scale but people do know about this though, they know that to “identify” too hard with an idea (ideology) or a thought (“I am my mind”***) or whatever can lead to conflict and misery. To remain calm but interested the viewpoint has to have space under control, to make a little distance in order to be able to look at things objectively, so to speak. The ego, the identity the viewpoint uses to negotiate reality from 3.5 down, is not really much of a problem until the viewpoint collapses, identifies, with it, in other words you should be able to move all up and down the tone scale like an artist whenever to do so suits you or fits the situation. To remain healthy the viewpoint must remain in control of the distances from, spaces between, all the ideas and thoughts, opinions and considerations so that when new information comes into view it can be used to modify and update the information it is using to negotiate life. Otherwise, you’re going to become obsolete, like old software.
So, spacation was developed in 1952 as just one step of a series of processes called Standard Operating Procedure and was designed to produce the desired results more rapidly than dianetic processing. It didn’t happen that way though, as it turned out that it wasn’t going to be that easy for many people. What was needed at the time (WWIII looming, actually looming, remember) was something in addition or perhaps something more basic, some new or perhaps simpler set of procedures, ones that got uniform results more quickly regardless of who learned to use them.
To be continued.
* Dianetics was partially based on and inspired by the works of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) among others. It means “through mind”, Dia: “through” or “passing through”” and noûs, from nóos which means “mind”. Its similarity to the word cybernetics is not a coincidence.
† Tone as a word is slightly ambiguous in dianetics and can be seen there in quotes as “tone”. It can refer to vibrational frequencies simultaneously with the “character or voice expressing emotion”.
‡ This is easily done by assigning the top half of the scale as “up tone” or “good tones” and the bottom half as “down tone” or “bad tones”. The tones below 3.5 are only bad if you get stuck in them otherwise every tone on the scale is useful or necessary depending on the circumstance.
§ What’s different about this way of analysing emotion is the sequence. As far as I know, no other therapy or philosophy previously recognised a scale of emotion in exactly this way. Because a person can move so quickly from one emotion to another you might not see the steps in between but if you slowed down the process apparently all the steps are there and always in that sequence whether or not you’re going up or down.
** Time, outside of the therapy, is not actually a continuum exactly, this gets into physics 101, but for therapy there is definitely past, present and future.
†† Clear is not a state of constant eagerness or exhilaration, remember the tone 4.0 is all the tones below it. The difference between a Clear and a non-Clear is that a non-Clear often experiences lower tones without obvious cause which is called mis-emotion. A Clear is going to experience all the emotions on the scale depending on what they are doing and who and/or what they are communing with.
‡‡An electorate below 3.0 starts becoming less interested in governorship and more insistent on leadership. Governorship is for societies founded on the sovereignty of the individual, leadership is for societies founded on the idea of the collective.
§§ This is different from immersion in a meaningful task when time seems to disappear altogether. Immersion begins to happen on the scientology tone scale at 4.0 plus.
*** Some people think they are their thoughts. You are not your thoughts. You can have thoughts, create thoughts, think thoughts but you are not your thoughts; the mind is a tool just like you are not your screwdriver or hammer.